Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro <p class="text-justify"><strong><span style="text-align: justify;"><a href=""><img style="float: left; margin: 0 8px 4px 0;" src="/public/site/images/admin-fidelity/Sertifikat_sinta.jpg" width="auto" height="200"></a>Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro</span></strong> is a publication media for research in the field of Electrical Engineering, especially in the scope of Instrumentation, control, signal processing, telecommunications, computers and electric power. Published manuscripts or papers have been reviewed by peer reviewers and have passed the plagiarism test. This journal provides fully open access to electrical engineering content with the aim of contributing to the free dissemination of knowledge to the public and supporting the global exchange of knowledge. The Fidelity Journal is published by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Electrical Engineering Study Program, Nusa Putra University</a>.</p> <p class="text-justify"><strong><span style="text-align: justify;">Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro</span></strong> has been accredited by <a title="Sinta Page !" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of Indonesian and indexed in <strong>SINTA</strong> catagorized in <strong>SINTA-5</strong></a> according to the decree <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">No. 225/E/KPT/2022</a></strong>&nbsp;starting from <strong>Vol. 2, No. 3, 2020</strong> until <strong>Vol. 7, No. 2, 2025</strong>.</p> <p class="text-justify"><strong><span style="text-align: justify;">Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro</span></strong> is indexed in <strong><a href=";ff%5B0%5D=ContentProvider%3AOpen%20Web%20RDK%20-%20Metadata%20Only&amp;ff%5B1%5D=ContentProvider%3AOpen%20Web%20RDK%20with%20Full%20Text&amp;ff%5B2%5D=ContentProvider%3ADirectory%20of%20Open%20Access%20Journals&amp;ff%5B3%5D=Publisher%3Auniversitas%20nusa%20putra%5C%2C%20program%20studi%20teknik%20elektro&amp;limit=50" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EBSCO</a></strong> since 2023 starting from <strong>Vol. 5, No. 1</strong>. Published papers must be in <strong>English</strong> starting from the beginning of 2023, and each issue will include a total of 10 research paper titles.</p> Universitas Nusa Putra en-US Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2686-3650 <div class="col-md-8"> <section class="article-main"> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Lisensi Creative Commons"></a><br>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <div class="page-header"> <h3>Authors who publish with FIDELITY : Jurnal Teknik Elektro agree to the following terms:</h3> </div> <ol start="1"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0)</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.&nbsp;</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Lisensi Creative Commons"></a><br><strong>Jurnal FIDELITY : Jurnal Teknik Elektro</strong>&nbsp;is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.</a></p> </section> </div> PID Controller Analysis of DC Motor Speed ​​Characteristics using a PID Controller <p>PID (Proportional Integral Derivative) controllers are widely used to improve system response, because they offer clear, simple functionality, and are easy to implement and use. One of the important roles of the PID controller can be seen in its application to control and stabilize the angular speed in reference values ​​on direct current (DC) motors [1]. The purpose of this study is to implement a PID controller as a DC motor speed controller so that it can understand the characteristics of each PID controller parameter to the system response curve. The test results show that each PID value parameter (Proportional, Integral, Derivative) has different characteristics of the system response. For example adding the Kp parameter can reduce Steady-state error, reduce rise time, but can increase the overshot value. While adding the Ki parameter can affect the increase in overshot, reduce the rise time, and reduce or even almost eliminate the steady state error value. Then, adding the Kd parameter can affect reducing overshot, reducing rise time, and increasing undershot [2].</p> Mifta Aufa Mifta Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.165 Controller Monitoring Automation System Soil pH and Moisture Orange Seeds Based on Wireless Sensor Network <p>The water requirement in each land can be different depending on the area and the conditions of the land which is classified into dry, semi–dry, and moist or wet. Where this condition affects the water needed for irrigation. A good soil for planting oranges is loose soil and has a high organic content. The thing that needs to be considered in growing oranges is the land and varieties to be planted. In this result, a system was made that was able to automatically regulate waters for orange seedlings based on soil toughness and the specified time. At the end of the irrigation section, the orange grove is also given a node that regulates the discharge of water in case of inundation or excess water in the surrounding garden land.o run this system will use 3 nodes, for details 1 node in the irrigation section, 1 node in the land monitoring and soil quality section where there are 2 kinds of sensors, namely soil moisture and the Ground pH sensor, as well as 1 node in the server section. The average pH value for 32 observations was 7,115 or above 7, which is the good standard of growth for plants.</p> Septriandi Wirayoga Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.166 Design of Protection Relay Prototype Against Arduino Uno Overload Interference in Electrical Installations <p>Electrical installations are prone to disturbances, both short circuits and overloads, for this reason protection is needed in home electrical installations. MCB or mini circuit breaker is generally widely used as protection in electrical installations how the MCB works. When there is an overload disturbance, the MCB will cut off the electric current flowing in the electrical installation. In this study, researchers will create a prototype that will detect overload disturbances that occur in electrical installations. The advantage of developing this prototype is that the flow can be monitored. The prototype consists of Arduino ATmega 328, ACS712 sensor, relay, push button. The way this tool works is when there is a disturbance in the electrical installation the ACS712 sensor will detect a current which will then send the signal to the Arduino and the relay. The current value will be displayed on the LCD screen. This prototype contributes an overload protection equipped with current monitoring which can later be used by household applications.</p> Abdul Rauf Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.168 Implementation of The Indonesian Language Stemming Algorithm in Twitter Data Preprocessing. Case Study: Twitter Wargabanua and Instakalsel <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Stemming is a widely used method in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP). Its primary purpose is to normalize words with similar meanings but different forms into a common representation by converting them into their basic or root forms. Stemming is typically applied during the data preprocessing stage to enhance the performance of NLP systems. In the context of the Indonesian language, the Nazief stemming algorithm is the most commonly employed. This algorithm has been developed and adapted for various regional languages in Indonesia. In this research, we will assess the performance of the Nazief stemming algorithm on Twitter data from the accounts @wargabanua and @instakalsel. The goal is to evaluate how the algorithm handles text data that includes a mixture of two languages: Indonesian and Banjar. The test results indicate an accuracy rate of 90.34%. This demonstrates that the Nazief stemming algorithm can effectively process social media text data, even though it was not originally designed for the Banjar language</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> Afian Syafaadi Rizki Rizki Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.170 Implementation of Temperature and Moisture Control Systems in the Rice Germination Process <p>The rice germination process determines the quality and quantity of rice produced in rice cultivation. If the rice breeding process is carried out hydroponically, it will be able to maximize the control of environmental conditions that influence it, such as temperature and Moisture. In the germination process, a temperature and Moisture control system is applied. The temperature applied is given with a temperature range of 26˚C-31˚C and Moisture above 30%. The results of designing a temperature and Moisture control system showed that germination had greener leaf shoots when compared to the results of germination without a temperature and Moisture control mechanism.</p> Jauharotul Maknunah Rofan Aziz Tri Haryanti Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.175 Water Bottle Filling Conveyor Design Based on Programmable Logic Controller <p>Control systems in industry today are increasingly sophisticated. Many modern factories use automatic equipment control systems, such as the water factory industry, which uses a programmable logic controller (PLC) based control system because its use will be more efficient and more practical. A programmable logic controller device can be used to control mineral water bottle-filling devices by utilizing the input-output (I/O) facilities contained in the device. The input devices on the PLC can be push buttons and infrared sensors, while the PLC output can be actuator components such as DC motors that function as conveyor drivers, solenoid valves and linear solenoids. The system for filling water into bottles is very important in the production of drinking water because it can optimize the final production process. So that when filling bottles, the volume of water corresponds to what is released and does not exceed the capacity of the bottle, automatic filling is needed. Filling water into bottles is done by storing the water in a water tank before the water is put into bottles. This water-filling system is very useful, both in terms of production effectiveness and saving production costs. By using this system, the production process is more effective, more efficient and easier to carry out because filling times are accurate and do not require much human labour, which ultimately results in savings in production costs.</p> Syahban Rangkuti Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.180 Distribution Network System Reliability Index Study PLN North Banten in 2023 <p>An important aspect in the distribution of electrical energy is the reliability of the system. Therefore, the authors conducted research on SAIFI (System Average Interruption Frequency Index) and SAIDI (System Average Interruption Duration Index). To analyze the values of SAIDI and SAIFI, data on disturbances are needed. For SAIDI and SAIFI values from January to March 2023. The smallest SAIDI and SAIFI values occurred in February. This indicates that in February there was minimal disruption due to routine inspections and periodic maintenance on the SUTM network in the PLN UP3 North Banten area.</p> Adi Nugraha Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.181 Design and Develop an Automatic System for Monitoring Electrical Quality and Controlling Power Factor in Household Electrical Loads Using Capacitors <p>Excessive use of electronic equipment can cause problems with electricity quality and the power factor in household electrical loads. One way to overcome this problem is capacitor applied. Capacitors can be used to increase the power factor and improve the quality of electricity in household electrical loads. The test results without load showed an average power factor of 0.80, while the test results after repairs showed a power factor of 0.88. This research also evaluated the performance of voltage and current sensors integrated in the system. The current and voltage sensors can work well and are able to transmit data according to the actual values with an accuracy rate of 97.23%. The average accuracy level for current sensors reached 98.91% and 99.35%, while the accuracy level for voltage sensors obtained an average accuracy level of 99.95%.</p> Abdul Muis Prasetia Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.182 IoT-based Mamdani Fuzzy Logic System for Monitoring Air Pollution in Sukabumi Regency <p>Air pollution is currently a serious issue that has a significant impact on health. Unfortunately, information about air pollution in the surrounding environment is limited, and the Air Quality Index (AQI) facilities are also inadequate. In this research, we developed an air pollution monitoring system in Sukabumi Regency using Raspberry Pi, Arduino Uno, and the Mamdani Fuzzy Logic method based on the Internet of Things (IoT) with a Telegram Bot. The Mamdani Fuzzy Logic was employed to make decisions regarding the levels of CO and CO2 gases in the air. Prototype testing results indicated that this system is capable of providing real-time air pollution information to users via a Telegram Bot with an accuracy of approximately 88.8%.</p> Muchtar Ali Setyo Yudono Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.185 Mapping the Research Landscape: A Bibliometric Study of Fuel Cell Technologies and Microgrid Systems <p>The potency of renewable energy sources in power systems, particularly for rural areas, represents a transformative force that addresses energy challenges and brings about sustainable development. Fuel cells offer a transformative role in providing electricity to rural areas, addressing a reliable and off-grid power solution. This study aims to map the research landscape through the bibliometric study of fuel cell technologies and microgrid systems. The analysis includes author analysis, affiliation analysis, country or territory analysis, source analysis, keyword analysis, trend topic analysis, and thematic map analysis. Bibliometric analysis aids policymakers, industry professionals, and academics navigate the wealth of information, ensuring that fuel cell and microgrid integration efforts align with current research trajectories and contribute meaningfully to improving clean and resilient energy solutions. The results would be a valuable compass, guiding stakeholders through the expansive and dynamic landscape of fuel cell and microgrid research, facilitating evidence-based decision-making, and fostering a deeper understanding of the field’s trajectory.</p> Handrea Bernando Tambunan Copyright (c) 2023 Fidelity : Jurnal Teknik Elektro 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 5 3 10.52005/fidelity.v5i3.189